Electric Vehicles: Technical Characteristic And Environmental Impacts

Electric Vehicles: Technical Characteristic And Environmental Impacts

The prominent feature of Electric vehicles is the reduction in the emission of vehicles which has a huge impact on the environment.

Since electric vehicles offer less carbon emission, the guaranteed growth for electric vehicles in the future could be justified with just this factor. But, there are other such similar factors that have less impact on the environment for a better future. 

Environmental Impacts

Although, electric vehicles do not have any internal combustion engines, and do not emit any gas during the combustion it does not mean the cars are completely environment friendly. Of course, electric vehicles produce less carbon footprint than an internal combustion engine.

Just about 30% of carbon emission is reduced in electric vehicles. But this considerable small number gives a greater impact on the environmental factors. 

Things to consider for a better environment with the Electric vehicles in Future


As mentioned above, electric cars mean, there is no Internal Combustion Engines and the kinetic energy (Moving) is produced from the batteries.

When it comes to batteries, the disposal, recycle and reuse of the batteries should be monitored and done effectively. 

Because, batteries contain chemicals and acids which is also as harmful as fuel combustion, in fact, it is even more harmful than it. So vehicle manufacturers and battery manufacturers have even more responsibility towards the safe disposal of those batteries. 


At this moment, many countries majorly use non-renewable energy resource to produce electricity. Which on the other hand could cause a serious impact on the environment.

When switching to electric vehicles, the countries should also have a major share of electricity production from renewable resources such as Wind, Solar, and Water. 

This change could also have a higher impact on a better environment in the future. So, how to take India towards an electric vehicle future application? 

Environmental Impacts on Electric vehicles in India

India is at a very early stage of electric vehicles. With the high market value, the customer retention rate should be high when it is targeted to the right audience at the right time. Coming back to the environmental impacts, Fossil fuels have higher domination in the Indian market. 

The majority of the share for electricity production comes from coal and India generates very little electricity from renewable energy resources like Wind, Solar, and Water. To overcome, these impacts the government is also taking initiatives towards Green-environment. 

Technical Characteristics of Electric Vehicles

Unlike the actual conventional engines, electric vehicles do not come with an engine coupled with the combustion chamber in it. Since there is no fuel in-take it does not need a combustion chamber to make the vehicle move. 

The electric vehicles come with a Battery, a Motor, an inverter and a power controller. The inverter converts the Direct Current to Alternating Current from the Power in-let and charges the battery.

Once the battery is switched on, it then sends the power to the power controller and starts the motor. Once the motor is on, it then converts the static energy to kinetic energy. 

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