How does Electric Vehicle work?

How does Electric Vehicle work

Electric Vehicles are battery powered engines which gets energy supply from the battery packs. Since these vehicles does not need any fuel intake, the combustion of fuels is also not necessary.

This makes a great difference from that of the combustion engines, since those have many mechanical parts such as spark plug, combustion chamber, exhaust and many more. The electric vehicles do not need any such things.

You might have a question; how does these electric vehicles work? The electric vehicles just use batteries, power controller, inverter and electric motor to operate. You just need to recharge your battery from a Charging Point.

How does a battery work in an Electric Vehicle?

For instance, it is just like charging your electric gadgets. All you need is to connect your charging adapter to a charging point powered with electric supply and then connect the other end of the charging cable to the Charging port of the car.

Charge the vehicle up to the required amount and that’s it. You are set to travel to the prescribed range/kilometre.

Where will be the Charging points?

Nowadays, many car manufacturers offer charging point set-up in home and in office apart from the common charging stations. With this the customers can charge their vehicle overnight and take a spin in the morning. Some also offer auto cut-off once the vehicle charges completely. 

In the common charging station, some manufacturers offer normal and rapid charge. Depending on the vehicle one can easily plug-in the charger and charge the vehicle. In addition, there are also third-party charging stations available in every cities in India

The classic one: what would be the range/mileage of an electric vehicle

Even though, the cost of the commute is very much low comparatively, mileage always pokes us. Because you don’t want to be stranded in the middle of the road. The mileage/range depends on each manufacturer and even the model of the vehicle. As the battery capacity differs from each car, it is hard to generalise. 

Moreover, the range also depends on how one drives the vehicle. To put it in simple terms, the faster one wants to go, the lesser the range is.

How things work in an Electric vehicle?

As mentioned earlier, Electric Vehicles are run by electric motors and not combustion engines. The electric motor is powered from the rechargeable battery. Unlike the conventional engines, these electric vehicles do not come with an exhaust. 

When the electric vehicle is turned on, the power controller takes the power from the battery and starts the electric motor. In addition, the battery first sends the power to the inverter which converts the DC current to AC current. This inverter also adjusts the power and torque of the motor as per the pressure on the pedal.

As we all know, the electric motor converts the electric energy into mechanical energy, same applies here. The electric motor then converts the electric energy into mechanical energy and sets the car into motion. 

Power loss?

Does this mean, these electric motors have less power than combustion engines? Definitely not! In fact, the electric vehicles have more power than the conventional vehicles. Furthermore, we don’t have to load any less weight in the vehicle, you can load the same amount of weight and still get the instant torque on your vehicle. 

Bonus Fact

The electric vehicles also offer regenerative braking, which means the battery will also be recharged whenever you brake. The kinetic energy produced while braking is transferred to the battery and the battery recharges at least to a minimal amount. This kinetic energy is not used in conventional vehicles. 

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